The dairy cooperative in India is unique in the world and can be a good business model for poor countries: Modi | India is blooming
Addressing the gathering, the Prime Minister expressed his joy that all dairy dignitaries gathered in India today.
The Prime Minister said that the World Milk Summit will be a great way to exchange ideas.
“The potential of the dairy sector not only gives impetus to the rural economy, but is also a major source of livelihood for millions of people around the world,” he said.
The Prime Minister highlighted the central place of ‘Pashu Dhan’ and milk-related activities in India’s cultural landscape. This has given India’s dairy sector many unique characteristics.
The Prime Minister pointed out that unlike other developed countries of the world, the driving force of the dairy sector in India are the smallholder farmers.
The Indian dairy sector is characterized more by “mass production” than by “mass production”.
India is the largest milk producing country based on the efforts of these small farmers with one, two or three cattle. This sector provides employment to more than 8 million families in the country, he informed, said the Prime Minister.
Explaining the second unique feature of the Indian dairy system, the Prime Minister reiterated that there is such a vast network of dairy cooperatives in India, and such an example cannot be found anywhere else in the world.
Modi said these dairy cooperatives collect milk twice a day from about two million farmers in more than two lakh villages in the country and deliver it to customers.
The Prime Minister drew everyone’s attention to the fact that there is no middleman in the whole process and that more than 70% of the money received from customers goes directly into the pockets of farmers. “No other country has this ratio worldwide,” the Prime Minister added. He also highlighted the effectiveness of the digital payment system in the dairy sector and said it has many lessons for other countries.
Another unique feature, according to the Prime Minister, is the native breeds that can withstand many adverse circumstances.
He gave the example of the hardy buffalo breed of Banni Buffalo from the Kutch region of Gujarat.
He also talked about other breeds of buffalo such as Murrah, Mehsana, Jafrabadi, Nili Ravi and Pandharpuri; among cow breeds he mentioned Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Kankrej, Tharparker and Haryana.
Another unique feature, the Prime Minister highlighted the power of women in the dairy sector.
The Prime Minister pointed out that women are represented at 70% in India’s dairy workforce.
“Women are the real leaders of India’s dairy sector,” he added, “Moreover, more than a third of the members of dairy cooperatives in India are women.”
He said that at more than eight and a half lakh crore rupees, the dairy sector represents more than the combined value of wheat and rice. All of this is driven by the power of women in India.
The Prime Minister pointed out that the government has worked tirelessly to enhance the potential of India’s dairy sector since 2014. This has led to an increase in milk production, thereby leading to an increase in farmers’ incomes.
“India produced 146 million tonnes of milk in 2014. It has now increased to 210 million tonnes. That is an increase of around 44%,” said the Prime Minister.
He also mentioned that compared to the 2% production growth globally, India records the milk production growth rate at over 6%.
The Prime Minister said the government was working to develop a bleached dairy ecosystem where sector challenges are addressed while focusing on increasing production.
Additional income for farmers, empowerment of the poor, swachhta, chemical free agriculture, clean energy and livestock care are linked in this ecosystem. He pointed out that livestock and dairy products are promoted as a powerful vehicle for green and sustainable growth in villages.
Programs such as Rashtriya Gokul Mission, Goberdhan Yojna, digitization of the dairy sector and universal vaccination of livestock, as well as measures such as banning single-use plastic, are moving in this direction.
Highlighting the use of modern technology, the Prime Minister said India is building the largest database of dairy animals and every animal associated with the dairy sector is tagged. “We carry out the biometric identification of the animals. We named him – Pashu Adhar,” he said.
Modi also pointed to the growth of entrepreneurial structures such as FPAs and women’s self-help groups, and startups.
He said the sector has seen over 1,000 startups lately.
He also spoke about the progress made in Gobardhan Yojna and said the goal is to reach a situation where dairy factories generate their own electricity from Gobar. The resulting manure will also help farmers.
Drawing an analogy with agriculture, the Prime Minister said that livestock farming and agriculture require diversity and that monoculture may not be the only solution.
The Prime Minister pointed out that today India gives equal attention to indigenous breeds and hybrid breeds.
He further clarified that it would also reduce the risk of damage from climate change.
The Prime Minister addressed another major issue affecting farmers’ incomes, namely animal diseases.
“When the animal is sick, it affects the life of the farmer, affecting his income. It also affects the efficiency of the animal, the quality of his milk and other related products,” he said. added.
The Prime Minister pointed out that in this direction, India is working towards universal vaccination of animals.
“We have decided that by 2025 we will vaccinate 100% of animals against foot-and-mouth disease and brucellosis. We aim to be completely free of these diseases by the end of this decade,” the Prime Minister remarked.
The Prime Minister observed that there has been a loss of livestock in many states of India due to the disease named Lumpy in the recent past and assured everyone that the central government, as well as various governments of State, do their best to keep a check on it.
“Our scientists have also prepared an indigenous vaccine against lumpy skin disease,” the Prime Minister added.
The Prime Minister also stressed that efforts are being made to track animal movements to bring the outbreak under control.
Be it animal vaccination or any other modern technology, the Prime Minister said that India is always eager to contribute in the field of dairy products while striving to learn from its partner countries.
“India has acted quickly on its food safety standards,” Modi added.
Concluding his address, the Prime Minister reiterated that India is working on a digital system that will capture the end-to-end activities of the livestock sector. This will provide accurate information needed to improve this area.
This summit will showcase the work being done around the world on many such technologies. The Prime Minister also urged everyone present to suggest ways to share expertise related to this area.
“I invite global leaders in the dairy industry to join in the drive to empower the dairy sector in India. I also thank the International Dairy Federation for their excellent work and contribution,” the Prime Minister concluded.